Pope Eugene made him a cardinal in 1446 after successful trips to Italy and Germany, and when Eugene died the next year Parentucelli was elected in his place. Pope Nicholas V was born Tommaso Parentucelli on November 15, 1397. The Pontificate of Nicholas saw the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks. Pope Eugene IV died on February 23, 1447, and Cardinal Parentucelli’s election as the new pope came soon after. Among his notable accomplishments were rebuilding the Vatican and restoring Rome's water supply. Pope Nicholas V feared he would be blamed for the fall of Constantinople. In 1453, Turkish sultan Mohammed II broke through the walls of Constantinople. In the centuries between the death of the last “Great” pope, Pope St. Gregory I (d. 604), Christendom faced an onslaught at the hands of militant Muslims and faced the rising tide of Viking invaders. Italian scholar who, as Pope Nicholas V (r. 1447-1455), fostered learning in the sciences and arts by establishing the Vatican Library. With the fall of the great city, Christians lost to Islam the last bastion of the once vast and powerful Byzantine empire in the East. Pope Nicholas V issued the papal bull Dum Diversas on 18 June, 1452. (en) Pope Nicholas V theologically supported the taking of land and the subduing of all non-Christians, so that Muslims, infidels, and other enemies of Christ could be reduced to perpetual slavery and their lands and goods seized to support the Christian religion. He was a passionate reader who worked as a tutor and earned a Theology degree in 1422. His splendid tomb was taken down by Paul V, and removed to the crypt, where some portions of it may still be seen. Trivia He is the most recent pope to take the name "Nicholas" upon his election. His epitaph, the last by which any pope was commemorated, was written by Aeneas Sylvius, afterwards Pius II. Nicholas V March 6, 1447 – March 24. Pope Nicholas V, born Tommaso Parentucelli, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 6 March 1447 until his death. Nicholas was pious and learned; he contributed to the artistic beauty of Rome, building particularly a palace beside Santa Maria Maggiore, the church in which he was buried and where Sixtus V erected an imposing monument to his memory. This facilitated the Portuguese slave trade from West Africa. Introduction. The Renaissance had fully emerged and the first pope of this glorious period was a man of art and learning who strove, among other things, to make the Church the cultural leader of its day. Pope remembered for his humanism and intellect who served from 1447 until his death. Pope Nicholas V (Latin: Nicholaus V) (15 November 1397 – 24 March 1455), born Tommaso Parentucelli, was Pope from 6 March 1447 until his death in 1455. He took the name Nicholas V to honor his mentor and patron, the deceased Bishop Niccolo Albergati. It authorised Alfonso V of Portugal to reduce any “Saracens (Muslims) and pagans and any other unbelievers” to perpetual slavery. The son of a physician, Tommaso rose through the ranks until, during the Council of Basel (1431-1449), he was elected to the church's leading position. Pope Eugene made him a cardinal in 1446 after successful trips to Italy and Germany, and when Eugene died the next year Parentucelli was elected in his place. Before Fame. 1455 . Pope St. Nicholas lived in the mid-800s, a time of great upheaval in the Church. Nicholas was small in stature and weakly in constitution. Pope Nicholas V (Latin: Nicholaus V; 13 November 1397 – 24 March 1455), born Tommaso Parentucelli, was Pope from 6 March 1447 until his death. Tommaso Parentucelli, Pope Nicholas V. 1397-1455. 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