Ferrous materials, as their name suggests, are iron-based metals. Three fatalities in 2009 6 million LTI free man-hours (132 days). Some internal recycling methods are obvious. Ferrous Metals Processing Industry i EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This Reference Document on best available techniques in ferrous metals processing reflects an information exchange carried out according to Article 16(2) of Council Directive 96/61/EC. Ferrous Metals Based on iron, one of the oldest metals known to man •Ferrous metals of engineering importance are alloys of iron and carbon •These alloys divide into two major groups: Steel Cast iron •Together, they constitute approximately 85% of the metal tonnage in the United States Properties of ferrous metals change based on the amount of carbon in the metal, making them less brittle and harder. <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 12 0 R 13 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 20 0 R 21 0 R 22 0 R 23 0 R 24 0 R 25 0 R 26 0 R 27 0 R 28 0 R 29 0 R 30 0 R 31 0 R 32 0 R 33 0 R 34 0 R 35 0 R 36 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S>> Ferrous metals have enhanced physical properties like strong durability, ductility, and high tensile strength, and find a wide variety of commercial and industrial applications. The ferrous metals themselves can also be classified into "families', and these are shown in figure ( 2 ). Carbon makes it harder by holding iron molecules in the crystal structure of the carbon. 2 0 obj [dSއ�E �m4�Sه ��:Be9�`���)e#�J�n�R2��x�ǡ%ӄ��4�p��uDmF�9g�3��� ��CG��qI�S�QD��!�P%�%��� rG'�A�o�|[���ϟio2#�r����\oV����1z5�5W���G��)����L���|{����0�r:��o���NN0�v�W ��q^,���=[W��_�;��Fn����̯���/��x��M}�CQ�?M�/���ɤ(s���UFɥ_�������d�%�ga���C�(����`�ɰW-˜sMg!_�”X����l�ǰ��e�>��k��j�^Ւ~)�^�-��ϊ�6��H�8�:�� �Ξ�8��M��� �". Read full-text. aluminium) and resistance to corrosion (e.g. Non-ferrous metals are those which do not contain significant quantity of iron (ferrite) or iron as the base metal. View 8 - Ferrous and Non-ferrous Metal.pdf from EDUCATIONA 15-16294 at Batangas State University. endobj • It is typical of this group that Iron (Fe) in one form or another, is the principle component of all ferrous materials. FERROUS METALS THE ALLOY STEEL Iron is the most used metal in the world, largely due to it being the main constituent of the alloy steel. The metals, which contain iron as their main constituent, are called ferrous metals. Lebanese University Material Science (Jihad Sidawi PhD ME) Introduction Ferrous (iron-based) metals and alloys: These materials have been the backbone of civilization and numerous varieties have been developed over the years to meet the specific needs of various industries. %���� x��ZKo�����-b0�e���.��I� A��L4EY�Ȗ��=����7��8�Ŭ%��X����������3/�f]]�onoxQ���*V U4Z���� �~�WSoo������͗UQ�������/��gb&�1��kf_V��t����)��i:�wz�.���u8���9ǡiX=�0��Ӷ����iLKT����i����љM\�J���lYk^@,�ڸB�[�DO�N_��=~8�r����T��y��#�2�WO%����Z��}�j|�V;��y�8XޛWx�?��z�1#�>pz��ae>�q"���k,S|�u�>�� II Q����`�-�Q���ig@�b���Mp��[�'#�Yz��WƬS�Z�ְ>��!U��|�[�/;�ߣ�~ N���?d��3��m�#w*�b�2z��3�S=�ؤ��������-z}@`oU7Y���~��G?P.��. Like most processes, there is a need to control the process and insure a high quality end result. Iron (Fe) is the principal element of Ferrous Metals. 4 0 obj 71 % of the 64 operating areas have achieved zero harm YTD. The characteristics of ferrous metals can be altered by heat treatment or by adding an alloy. Recycling - Recycling - Ferrous metals: Ferrous products (i.e., iron and steel) can be recycled by both internal and external methods. %PDF-1.7 %���� <> endobj Peter Scallan, in Process Planning, 2003. Steels, and 2. Ferrous metals include cast iron, steel, and the various steel alloys, The only difference between iron and steel is the carbon content. zinc). Ferrous Raw Materials are an integral part of the process of manufacturing stainless steel. This ushered in the Iron Age. Ferrous metals are metals that contain iron. Therefore, all steels are Most common engineering materials are ferrous materials which are alloys of iron. 292 0 obj <> endobj 304 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<1F07E9AC66A0734E81FAAA988EE4F6A5>]/Index[292 27]/Info 291 0 R/Length 82/Prev 310715/Root 293 0 R/Size 319/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Ferrous means iron. (1) Ferrous Metals (2) Non-ferrous metals. These metals are generally magnetic in nature and have a high tensile strength. Kumba’s Thabazimbi mine achieved two years LTI-free in September 2009. {h�dʳ>TfE�Vs�)��%,{� �u ���� endstream endobj 293 0 obj <>>>/Metadata 162 0 R/Pages 284 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 294 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/Properties<>>>/Rotate 0/Tabs/W/Thumb 137 0 R/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 468.0 612.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 295 0 obj <>stream The Supplier is willing and able provide the Ferrous Raw Material, subject to the following conditions: 1. 1.2 Non – ferrous metals These materials refer to the remaining metals known to mankind. The process is much cheaper than producing new metal from the basic ore. Cognitive Market Research provides detailed analysis of Non Ferrous Metals in its recently published report titled, "Non Ferrous Metals Market 2027". In the present, their role in the engineering industries can … <> Ferrous metals are those which contain iron as their main constituent or base metal. 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