According to the International Potato Center, there are more than 4,000 varieties of native potatoes, most of which are found in the Andes, from which they originate. It also appears that the way in which potatoes are prepared affects their GL. Grab your spading fork and read on to learn about each major variety, how to select the best ones, and how to prepare them like a pro. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. Potato Types and Tips Video Collection. A white potato refers to Russet, red skin and Yukon gold potatoes. The best russets will be both large and firm, while their skin will be thick and rough. As with all potato varieties, all-purpose potatoes are good sources of vitamins, mineral, and fiber when eaten along with their skins. But there are thousands of varieties of potatoes and much like the cook who’s looking for them, each are unique. Russet Potato Russet potatoes are grown in many states of the U.S., but the most well-known Russet is grown in Idaho. They play a vital role in our health, helping to fight off cancer and decreasing the risk of eye disease. Additionally, don’t throw away the skins, they are rich in fiber, vitamins and minerals. The “white potatoes” bags in supermarkets will include a variety of “all-rounder” potatoes, such as Maris Pipers and Russets. For example boiled red potatoes have a GL of 89 whereas boiled red potatoes that are refrigerated and consumed cold have a GL of 56. Idaho or Russet Potatoes. Vitamin C is an antioxidant and is useful to the body for boosting immune system function, treating allergies such as eczema, healing wounds and maintaining healthy gums. Bolster this Lithuanian cold beet soup by simmering-in some purple majesty potatoes or bring out the hue of a tuna steak by subbing them in for New potatoes in this recipe for Niçoise tuna salad.Â, With its gossamer-red skin and creamsicle-pink flesh, what you see is truly what you get with the red thumb. They're a little higher in potassium than their more colorful brothers and sisters and a bit higher in fiber. For example, 100 g of baked white potatoes has 21 grams of carbs, the same number as Russets. The interior of a white sweet potato looks a lot like a starchy russet, while its shape and texture resemble that of a classic sweet potato. That is a big difference! Orange vs. white sweet potatoes Sweet potatoes are a lower-calorie, high-fiber alternative to starchy potatoes, making them a favorite healthier alternative. Since they are a carbohydrate rich food, they should be eaten together with a protein source such as chicken or fish – hence the saying “meat and potatoes” – and in moderation. French Fingerling. If you are obese or diabetic, speak to your doctor before adding potatoes to your diet. Don’t have one yet? A Russet potato is one of the varieties of Idaho-grown potatoes. This means that consuming them causes a large spike in blood sugar and insulin levels, followed by a quick drop. They’re a waxy potato, so try roasting or braising them before you plate them to bring out their robust flavor.Â, The new potato is quite literally that—a potato that’s been unrooted before it’s had the chance to mature. This makes them ideal for baking or frying, where they’ll at once puff up and absorb flavor. Idaho’s ideal growing conditions – the rich, volcanic soil, climate and irrigation – are what differentiate Idaho® potatoes from potatoes grown in other states. Non the less, for this article we will consider them to be potatoes and speak about them briefly. Potato Cooking Tips: Mashed, Fried, Baked, and More, 49 Potato Side Dishes to Go With Every Meal. https://www.ehow.com/info_8307408_russet-potato-vs-white-potato.html In fact, leftover white potatoes are a wonderful resource –leftover roasted potatoes are excellent fried or in a hash, while leftover mashed or whipped are used in potato pancakes or as topping on shepherd’s pie. “Irish Lumper” is a slightly oblong, knobby waxy white potato. Potatoes are also very nutritious and bring with them a number of health benefits. Red potatoes also contain more sugar than russets and have a sweeter flavor. Not quite. For example, according to the Harvard School of Public Health, potatoes appear to be a culprit for diabetes and weight gain. Due to commercial breeding however, only certain types of sweet potato may be available at your local supermarket. The texture of the potato you pick is the most important factor when considering how to use it—the one that fries up crispy in the pan is different from the one that boils well for a potato salad. Mashed Potatoes: Should You Peel Your Potatoes? Simple Potato Swaps Sweet potato has more pantothenic acid and both sweet potatoes and russet potato are high in potassium. Also rather than deep frying them, steam or boil them as this is a much healthier way of eating them. When sliced open, the French fingerling reveals a beautiful dappled pink interior, surrounded by a cream-colored halo. So if you are going to eat potatoes, eat ones with coloured skin and flesh over white ones, to gain maximum health benefits. The table below contains nutritional information for 100 g of different potato varieties.As you can see, the 4 different types of potato above are very similar nutritionally. Fiber is also beneficial for heart health. Tubers are long to oblong, smooth, russeted and have shallow, bright golden eyes. Red potatoes are average-sized; on the other hand, white potatoes can be small or large. Due to their crumbly flesh, the russets don't hold their shape well after they are cooked. They're what we typically imagine when we think of potatoes.… Russets are a floury potato which go a lovely golden brown when cooked. Red potatoes are spherical, while the shape of white potatoes … But of course, it doesn’t end there. But Christopher Columbus took a liking to sweet potatoes during his voyages to the New World in 1492 and took some home to grow in Europe, where they gained … They are rich in potassium,  magnesium, iron and vitamin C. All of these vitamins and minerals are important for your health. However if potatoes are refrigerated or otherwise get too cold, their starches turn into sugars. These varieties are grouped into various categories including russet, white, red, yellow, purple, blue, fingering and petite. The Nutrient Value of White Potatoes vs. Sweet Potatoes. A guide to potato varieties and types: • Russet potatoes—also called old potatoes, baking potatoes, or Idaho potatoes (if they were grown in Idaho)—have an oblong, elliptical shape, and a rough, netted, brown skin with numerous eyes and white flesh. Light-colored spuds, like russet potatoes, have plenty of vitamins, too. But in the name of simplification, our knobby, tuberous friends can be broken down into three general categories: starchy, waxy, and all-purpose. Red bliss potatoes sit pretty in this roasted and herbed pork loin and effortlessly wear the creamy coating in this potato salad with peas. Â, Russets are actually a family of potatoes which share the same russet-colored skin. All potatoes contain similar amounts of calories, carbohydrate, protein and fat per 100 g, with carbohydrate content being the highest. Russet Potatoes. Their harvest runs from April to July, so they’re perfect to bring to a springtime picnic or  mid-summer barbecue. They reside in the waxy category and are suitable for boiling and slicing in salads or casseroles. Like white potatoes, sweet potatoes originated in Central and South America, but according to NPR.org, prehistoric remnants were found in Polynesia between 1000 AD and 1100 AD.How they got there is still a bit of a mystery. White bread is a excellent source of dietary fiber and great source of protein. The high fiber content found in potatoes means eating them helps keep you regular and maintains bowel health, thereby reducing your chances of suffering from constipation. Another study found that fresh purple potatoes were more effective at suppressing the proliferation of colon cancer cells compared to white and yellow fleshed potatoes. One medium (6.1 ounces or 173 grams) Russet baked potato, … Is ice cream good or bad for a sore throat. Yukon Golds and Yellow Finns. Sweet potatoes are often touted as being healthier than white potatoes, but in reality, both types can be highly nutritious. It’s possible that the russet potatoes had at some point in the process had this happen. Roasted Purple Potatoes With Cilantro and Garlic, 10 Creative Stuffed Potato Recipes You've Got to Try, What to Serve With Roast Pork: Appetizers, Side Dishes, and More. As you can see, the 4 different types of potato above are very similar nutritionally. Additionally, the fiber found in potatoes could lower cholesterol levels by a small amount. Learn more about the characteristics and cooking recommendations for each type of potato below. grown on the farm. It is the most common type of potato in the U.S. These thick-skinned potatoes fall apart while cooking, and whip up fluffy and light. For those who bore of the usual white and yellow presentation, its indigo skin and flesh is a unique burst of color, indeed. Healthsomeness.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. They also contain more sugar, giving them their sweet taste. Potatoes belong to the Solanaceae family whereas sweet potatoes belong to the Convolvulaceae family. What's the Difference Between Turnips and Rutabagas? Both buttery and smooth, the inside of these potatoes look precisely like they taste. Red bliss potatoes live up to their name, imparting a tender texture and delicate flavor. They’re also sweeter and waxier than their older, wiser counterparts, as many of their sugars have not yet been converted to starches. When sliced open, the French fingerling reveals a beautiful dappled pink interior, … Researchers at the University of Toronto looked at the glycemic index of potatoes as it is affected by cooking method. The Real Irish Potato. Get our free cookbook when you sign up for our newsletter. They are extremely versatile and can be prepared in many different ways – boiled, steamed, baked, fried and roasted. White potatoes, from my understanding, actually have more sugars per serving than a Russet potato. Russets are oblong in shape. The important thing to note about consuming potatoes is portion control and preparation method. There are three types of potatoes: high-starch potatoes, medium-starch potatoes and low-starch potatoes. The result is the White Russet ™ potato. Try this spicy chorizo and potato soup or these Israeli potato bourekas.  Whichever you choose, just be sure to double the recipe and spread the deliciousness around. There are many types of potatoes that include an array of different nutrient sets. Additionally, when potatoes are eaten with other foods, the GI changes. In contrast, waxy potatoes repel excess water from entering their cells, so their texture holds up better when stewed, scalloped, or roasted. Science! There are many different varieties of potatoes however those with coloured skin & flesh and in particular purple ones seem to be the most nutritious. The most common high-starch potatoes are the mild-flavored russet. So doesn’t that mean that all potatoes are equal in terms of how healthy they are? Both are higher GL ratings than a serving of jelly beans or a doughnut. Most potatoes mainly contain carbohydrate with a little bit of protein and almost no fat. We recommend you eat both varieties, in both cases opting for varieties that have coloured skin and flesh. Some of your vegetable intake can come from starchy vegetables, including sweet potatoes or white potatoes. Larger in size and thicker skinned than new potatoes, russets have a “flaky” texture thanks to their high starch and low moisture content. Sweet potatoes in general are lower in calories, protein and carbohydrate but higher in fiber, when compared to regular potatoes. The original Irish potato – the one grown so widely in Ireland before the infamous famine - has been identified and bred to be resistant to late blight disease. Of course the varieties sold throughout the United States and other countries are much lower, however there are still more than 100 varieties consumed. Flavonoids found in blue and purple potatoes are antioxidants, helping to destroy free radicals, preventing coronary heart disease and reducing inflammation. These potatoes all have a different texture and taste. Russets are best for baked (twice baked) potatoes. That said, they’ll also do just marvelously as a swap in umami recipes like this creamy risotto.Â, The Russian banana is a type of fingerling, which belongs to the heirloom family of potatoes. Nutrition comparison for russet potato vs white bread. But it's the yellow, orange and purple-hued types of yams and sweet potatoes that are bursting with antioxidants like vitamins A and C , as well as complex carbohydrates. A white boiled potato has a GL of 25. It shines in this German potato salad, which is perfect for those who aren’t big on mayo.Â, The purple majesty gains its royal-tinted flesh from its anthocyanin content, so it’s both aesthetically and antioxidant rich. New potatoes have a thin skin that’s destined to be crackled and sautéed, before being drizzled in an herb-infused oil. 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